ABULAFIA, ISAAC BEN MOSES
- ABULAFIA, ISAAC BEN MOSES (1824–1910), rabbi and halakhist. Abulafia, who was born in Tiberias, was rabbi of Damascus from c. 1877. His authoritarian attitude and his habit of making independent halakhic decisions roused the opposition of the other rabbis and of the communal leaders of Damascus, who united in an attempt to remove him from his position. In 1896 they turned to Moses ha-Levi, the ḥakham bashi, in Constantinople, who acceded to their request by appointing Solomon Eliezer Alfandari rabbi of Damascus. The two rabbis did not at first cooperate with each other. Later, however, Alfandari brought Abulafia into the sphere of his activities. Toward the end of his life Abulafia acted as rabbi in Tyre. From there he moved to Jerusalem, and finally to Tiberias, where he died. An outstanding halakhic scholar, his responsa Penei Yiẓḥak were published in six volumes (1871–1906). Some scholars, especially Shalom Ḥai Gagin of Jerusalem, were critical of the first volume, and Abulafia wrote Lev Nishbar (1878) in reply to his critics. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ben-Zvi, in: Oẓar Yehudei Sefarad, 6 (1963), 7–16.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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ABULAFIA, TODROS BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (c. 1220–1298), Spanish rabbi and kabbalist. Rabbi Todros ben Joseph ha Levi was born in Burgos, Spain, and died in Toledo. The Abulafia family was famous and respected in Spain. His uncle, Rabbi Meir ha Levi abulafia , was the exilarch of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABULAFIA, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (1240–after 1291), founder of the prophetic Kabbalah. Born in Saragossa, Spain, Abulafia moved to Tudela in his childhood and studied with his father until the latter s death in 1258. In 1260 he left Spain for the Land of Israel in search for the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN DAVID — (c. 1700–1775), rabbi and codifier. Abulafia, a grandson of Ḥayyim ben Jacob Abulafia, was born either in Jerusalem or in Smyrna. He studied under isaac rappaport , author of Battei Kehunnah. About 1740 he was appointed rabbi of Larissa (Greece) … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB — (II) (c. 1660–1744), rabbi, known as the Second. He is grandson of hayyim ben jacob abulafia the First. About 1666 the Abulafia family moved from Hebron to Jerusalem, where Hayyim studied with Moses Galante and others. In 1699 he went on a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABULAFIA, JACOB BEN SOLOMON — (1550?–1622?), Damascus rabbi. Abulafia, the grandson of jacob b. moses berab , studied under solomon absaban and under Moses Besodo – apparently in Damascus – together with Yom Tov Ẓahalon . There is evidence that he may have been friendly with… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM — (Riẓba; 12th century), French tosafist. Isaac is variously referred to as Riẓba, Riba, and Isaac ha Baḥur of Dampierre. He was the pupil of Isaac b. Samuel ha Zaken and also studied for a time under jacob tam . He was not a pupil of judah b.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABULAFIA, ISAAC — (d. 1764), talmudist and emissary for Ereẓ Israel. Abulafia was the son of Ḥayyim ben Moses (?) Abulafia. He immigrated with his father to Tiberias in 1740. Active in the rebuilding of Tiberias, he went in 1743 as an emissary for this purpose to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALBOTINI (Albutaini), JUDAH BEN MOSES — (d. 1519), kabbalist and commentator on maimonides writings. His father was a scholar in Lisbon. Albotini was one of the Members of the Yeshivah of Jerusalem and, in 1509, signed with them an ordinance to exempt scholars from taxes. He succeeded… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤAKIM, SAMUEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI IBN — (?1480–after 1547), rabbi in egypt and turkey . Samuel came from a distinguished family of Spanish origin which had settled in Egypt. His father, Moses, was a personal friend of the governor of Egypt and, when difficulties arose, intervened on… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABRAHAM BEN MOSES BEN MAIMON — (1186–1237), theologian, exegete, communal leader, mystical pietist, and physician. Little was known about him prior to the discovery of the cairo genizah , which has preserved many of his writings, in part autographic. Born in Fustat, Egypt, on… … Encyclopedia of Judaism